After Exodus 3, however, the name begins to occur with increasing frequency as a designation. They suggest that the plural "Adonai" and "Elohim" are plurals of majesty or fullness of divine strength, not necessarily their nature. Using the pattern above, I determined that the name/title "Adonai" represented as "Master", "Sovereign", or "Lord" — not as a substitute for "" — appears in the Old Testament ±325 times, especially in Isaiah (30 times), Jeremiah (14 times), and almost exclusively in Ezekiel and Amos (208 times and 18 times respectively). Apart from the name "YHWH", it may be argued that the titles "Adonai" and "Elohim" say more about the God of Israel than any other name. Thus He says to us, 'I will be to you Elohim,' that we may say, 'My Elohim; in Him will I trust.' I have left the former study online below Users of this name Sensitive , Science Eenthusiast , Gentle , Happy , Stubborn The Origin of the Nouns "Adonai" and "Elohim" In the Tanakh, the word Adon can refer to men and angels as well as to the LORD God of Israel (e.g., Exodus 34:23). Adonai-Shomo: Adonai-Shomo was the name given to a commune which existed from 1861 to 1896 in Massachusetts. Click here to download the 2019 "Adonai & Elohim" study for free. Of these names only Adonai has a satisfactory etymology. Obviously, I can't list all them here, so I am presenting only a sampling of the verses that use the name "Adonai" to describe our Most High God. Adonai name hasn’t been found in the Bible/Torah/Quran Famous People Named Adonai In Greek mythology, Adonis was a handsome man who was the lover of the goddess Aphrodite.The Adonis Blue is a type of butterfly. However, this idea finds little support among Bible scholars today. (cf. Deuteronomy 10:17 — "For your Elohim is Elohim of mighty ones and Master [Adonai] of masters [adonai], the great El, mighty and awesome, who shows no partiality nor takes a bribe." Michael Adonai: Michael Adonai (b. The name Adonai is of Hebrew origin, and is used in more than one countries and different languages of the world, especially English speaking countries, Hebrew speaking countries among others. ", here to download the 2019 "Adonai & Elohim", Since "Adonai" and "Elohim" are plural nouns, some Christians have used this as a foundation on which to build the Christian doctrine of the Trinity. Find out more about the name Adonai at BabyNames.com. Fun Facts about the name Adonai. a title of reverence for God, serving also as a substitute pronunciation of the Tetragrammaton. 110:1 reads “Jehovah said unto Adoni, ….”. It has its origins in the Aramaic translation of the Babylonian word "Tammuz" which, in turn, has a Sumerian origin as "Dumuzid"; Sumerian term for the god of food and vegetation. This verb is thought to have to do with the Hebrew word דין (din), meaning to judge, and thus with the name דן (Dan). For example, in the frequent expression, "LORD (LORD) thy God" in most English Bibles, "LORD" (or "YHWH") functions as the proper name, while "thy God"/"your God" (or "your Elohim") or "the God of" ("the Elohim of") functions as an adjective or designation defining the deity. 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Origin of Adonai Name. When later readers saw the name YHWH combined with the symbols for adonai, they erroneously concluded that YHWH was to be pronounced as Jehovah. 5 December 1962, in Asmara) is a visual artist from Eritrea. . This particular 2013 study has been completely rewritten and expanded, but is Therefore, acting in usage as singular nouns with singular verbs, some Bible scholars reject the idea of the Trinity in the words "Adonai" and "Elohim". The Tetragrammaton (/ ˌ t ɛ t r ə ˈ ɡ r æ m ə t ɒ n /) or Tetragram (from Greek τετραγράμματον, meaning "[consisting of] four letters") is the four-letter Hebrew word יהוה ‎ (transliterated as YHWH), the name of the biblical god of Israel. It's only in learning what HE revealed to us and wants us to know about Himself in the names/designations He used that we can render to Him "all the glory due His name!" I am not a scholar of Hebrew or Latin, nor do I have access to any of the ancient writings. (TS98) When God is presented interacting with His creation — especially in the Pentateuch — the name "Elohim" is used most often. Contraction of the word for God, אדני Adonai, and השם Hashem. As the Sovereign Authority and Creator over all creation, the name "Elohim" denotes God as the supreme deity of a person or people. Adonai by itself is not really a proper name but rather a title or appellative. : 531 Some theorize that Adonai was originally an epithet of the god Yahweh depicted as the chief antagonist of "the Baʿals" in the Tanakh. The word "El", however, is itself translated "God" ±250 times and frequently in circumstances which especially indicate the great power of God. When the Masoretes wanted to preserve the pronunciation of the words used in the Bible they ran into a problem when YHWH, the proper name of the Lord that was forbidden to be pronounced, occurred. "Elohim" is used in Scripture when emphasizing God's might, His creative power, and His attributes of justice and rulership. Adonai. It is generally not possible to tell from English translations of the Bible what was the exact form of the name of God in the original. Anagrams of the first name Adonai An anagram is a word that contains the same letters of another word. More about the Plurality of "Adonai and "Elohim" Definition of Adonai —used in place of YHWH as a name of the God of the Hebrews during prayer recitation First Known Use of Adonai before the 12th century, in the meaning defined above Answer: Many people who are familiar with the Old Testament names of God might be quick to answer that Adonai is one of the most common names of God in the Old Testament. We know that God often has many names throughout the Bible (), all of these names having significant meaning or highlighting a certain attribute of God.. One of the most prominent names used for God in the Old Testament is the name Adonai.Adonai is a Hebrew word that translates as "Lord" of "Lord Master" from its derivation "sovereignty". And.... since the name "Elohim" was substituted for "Adonai" when the compound name "YHWH Adonai" appeared in Scripture, there is added confusion as to when "Lord" or "God" means "Adonai" and when it means "Elohim". (TS98). currently available in PDF form only. In the Pentateuch the name "Elohim" portrays God as the transcendent Being, the Creator of the universe. Etymology From the root אדן ('dn), to be pivotal, to be a base. • Via אדן ('adon): Adonai, Adoni-bezek, Adonijah, Adonikam, Adoniram, Adoni-zedek, Baladan, Berodach-baladan, Merodach-baladan, Tobadonijah The name Addon in the Bible [If using plural verbs and pronouns along with the plural "Adonai" and "Elohim", the verse would read: "For your Elohim are Elohim of mighty ones . . "Elohim" Is a Proper Name and a Designation plural of intensity . To circumvent the problem, the Masoretes inserted the vowel symbols that go with adonai, indicating that whenever the reader saw YHWH, he had to say adonai. Certainly, all that the names embody deserve considerable deliberation. This is only partially correct. For instance, the Encyclopedia Britannica states: Yahweh, the God of the Israelites, his name being revealed to Moses as four Hebrew CONSONANTS (YHWH) CALLED THE TETRAGRAMMATON. The word Adonai comes from the used root אדן. The Hebrews called the Creator 'mister Yahweh', and addressed them the way any of us would address our CEO in a business meeting. • Via אדן ('adon): Addon, Adoni-bezek, Adonijah, Adonikam, Adoniram, Adoni-zedek, Baladan, Berodach-baladan, Merodach-baladan, Tobadonijah The name Adonai in the Bible Etymology of the name Adonai . Be our patron for as little as one dollar a month: https://www.abarim-publications.com/Meaning/Adonai.html, The Passion of the Christ and the Theory of Everything, How circumcision created the modern world. Its vowels are found in the Massoretic Text with the unpronounceable tetragrammaton " YHWH "; and when the Hebrew reader came to these letters, he always substituted in pronunciation the word " 'adhonay." (TS98) As Nathan Stone wrote concerning the name "Elohim": "There is blessing and comfort in this great name of God signifying supreme power, sovereignty, and glory on the one hand . Orthodox: Jews who identify as Orthodox and observe halacha (Jewish law) Dictionaries. Since they substituted the name "Adonay" in place of "YHWH" when reading the Scriptures, then whenever the Hebrew compound name "YHWH Adonay" appeared in the scrolls, they read it as "Adonay Elohim" ("") to avoid the duplication of "Adonay". Thus, whether plural of majesty . How many people with the first name Adonai have been born in the United States? In Islam, the name of God is Allah Allah Hebrew. Here is the list of first names which are an anagram of Adonai : Adiano, Adonia, Aidano, Anadio, Anodia, Daiano, Daniao, Doania, Idoana, Noadia Adonai in Japanese * Both "Adonai" and "Elohim" Are Plural Hebrew Nouns Boy. or implying a Triune God . It should be noted that the Hebrew authors saw themselves as the autonomous agents of the Creator's doings, much rather than his blindly obedient slaves or even lifeless pawns that he moves at will. [More discussion on the plurality of these words below...]. Greek. Given that the referenced Bible versions were translated by scholarly linguists either directly from Hebrew or from Latin translations, is it any wonder there is confusion among the rest of us concerning God's name(s) and titles?! While these names are written in the plural form, they regularly employ singular verbs in Hebrew grammar and are singular in usage. The singular form is Adoni ("lord"). One Theologian points out that the use of the plural "only implies (even in the plural of majesty) that the word in the singular is not full enough to set forth all that is intended.". Using the same pattern as above, I learned that the name "Elohim"/"Eloah" appears in ±1300 verses in the Old Testament: the compound name "-Elohim" in ±75 verses, "your Elohim" in ±470 verses, "our Elohim" in ±175 verses, "the Elohim of" in ±350 verses; and the name "Elohim" alone — usually transliterated "God" — in 233 verses. . As we learned in the previous study, the Tetragrammaton "YHWH" appears approximately 6000 times in the Hebrew Scriptures. . This name is mostly being used as a boys name. . However, while these names are written in the plural form, they regularly employ singular verbs in Hebrew grammar and are singular in usage. Its origin is "Hebrew". The pluralization of Adon "my lord" is Adonai "my lords." Others still propose relations to an Arabic verb that means to be obedient or cause obedience, hence govern and rule. Is Adonai name fit for baby name ? The tabernacle, of course, was a prototype of the temple, which in turn became embodied by God's living human congregation, and the bases and foundations of that living temple became personified by the human foundation known as אדון ('adon) or אדן ('adon), roughly translatable with lord, sir or mister. Adonai is the Hebrew word for "Lord". One of the names for God is Adonai, which is Hebrew for "Lord" (Hebrew: ?????). the plural words "Adonai" and "Elohim" teach us that there are no words that can adequately define — within the limits of our mortal understanding — the infinite personality of God! However, this idea finds little support among Bible scholars today. Adonai is also the source of the fabricated name Jehovah. Rabbinic Judaism considers seven names of God in Judaism so holy that, once written, they should not be erased: YHWH, El ("God"), Eloah ("God"), Elohim ("God"), Shaddai (“Almighty"), Ehyeh ("I Am"), and Tzevaot (" [of] Hosts"). How Popular is the name Adonai? The four letters, read from right to left, are yodh, he, waw, and he. Thus, when referring to the GOD of Israel, the name expresses the authority and the exalted position of GOD. Yet adon(ai) occurs frequently as element in compound names: Adoni-bezek, Adonijah, Adonikam, Adoniram and Adoni-zedek. Except for "YHWH", the two most-common names/titles for God in the Biblia Hebraica (Hebrew Bible) are "Adonai", which expresses authority or the exalted position of God, and "Elohim", which expresses concepts of creative divinity. When and Where the Names "Adonai", "YHWH Adonai", "Elohim", and "YHWH Elohim" Are Used in Scripture From the noun אדן ('adon), lord, mister or sir. In Greek mythology, Adonis was a handsome man who was the lover of the goddess Aphrodite.The Adonis Blue is a type of butterfly. Since "Adonai" and "Elohim" are plural nouns, some Christians have used this as a foundation on which to build the Christian doctrine of the Trinity. Therefore, I find it highly improbable that the original Hebrew texts would employ such usage in the names "Adonai" and "Elohim" unless God deliberately intended to convey the concept of plural identities in the one God. It is professional enough to satisfy academic standards, but accessible enough to be used by anyone. Adonai malakh mode: In music, the Adonai malakh scale is a musical mode used in Jewish music. The site has become a favorite resource of teachers of reading, spelling, and English as a second language. Etymology. Analysis of Adonai. Adonai is a name that's been used primarily by parents who are considering baby names for boys. Others say it may have to do with a Persian word meaning firm or fasten, and thus it means to determine, hence command, hence rule. While these names are written in the plural form, they regularly employ singular verbs in Hebrew grammar and are singular in usage. for anyone who is unable to download or uncomfortable downloading from the The name Adonai means God Is My Lord and is of Hebrew origin. Who Uses This. What does adonai mean? Adonai Old Testament word for "God," used as a substitute for the ineffable name, late 14c., from Medieval Latin, from Hebrew, literally "my lord," from adon (see Adonis) + suffix of the first person. . It denotes the power and pre-eminence (conspicuous glory) of God and is especially used in relation to God's sovereignty, creative work, and mighty works for Israel. "Adonai" (Hebrew: Adonay) Read as a Substitute for the Name and "Elohim" Sometimes Read for "Adonay" Here are what I consider to be the most logical steps to determining which English transliterations are for "Adonai" and which ones are for "Elohim": The simple fact is that the lesser titles "Lord" and "God" reveal so little about our Sovereign Most High God. ADONAI. This last name is primarily found in The Americas, where 40 percent of Adonai are found; 29 percent are found in Caribbean and 28 percent are found in Gallo-Caribbean. Adonai: The singular "adon" was used by the Phoenicians for their pagan god Tammuz and is the origin of the Greek pagan god Adonis. Gender of Adonai. Adonai is the plural of Adon, meaning "Lord, Lord, LORD, master, or owner" (the word Adon derives from a Ugaritic word meaning "lord" or "father"). The definition of Adonai is the title that Hebrews use for God in prayer. The use of "eloah" in the Bible is rare, occurring primarily in poetry and late prose, mainly in Job. . How the Names "Adonai" and "Elohim" Are Translated in English Etymology Adonai: "Adonai" derives from the Hebrew root "adon" (pronounced 'âdôn) ("ןֹדָא"), mean-ing master, owner, or sovereign ruler. The meaning of Adonai is "My lord, my master". This information can be easily verified in many Bible dictionaries and various encyclopedias. . The name Adonai literally means My Foundation and by implication My Lord, but can be used autonomously to refer to a person upon whom society stands: Milord or simply Sir or Mister. Show popularity chart "Adonai" is a term … Although "Adonai" and "Elohim" are similar, the distinguishing attributes that differentiate between them is that the name "Adonai" affirms the elevated position of authority and rulership of God, whereas the name "Elohim" refers to Him as the Creator who interacts with and reveals Himself to His creation. For example, we have the following transliterations, the middle column probably representing "YHWH Adonai" and the third column most likely representing "YHWH Elohim": At first glance, the above can be confounding and may even appear to be contradictory. It would be easy to skim over this, rendering only a superficial examination of all that these two names tell us about YHWH and when/where the names have been used — as I did in the original studies I published in 2006 — but YHWH is not permitting that liberty now. internet. "Adonai" (often transliterated "Lord" in English Bibles) means "master", "owner", or "sovereign ruler" and generally denotes the authority and exalted position of God. is fit name.You can give to your baby with complacency. From 1880 to 2018, the Social Security Administration has recorded 897 babies born with the first name Adonai in the United States. Go to the Table of Contents to view all teachings and downloads. Throughout the first two chapters of the Bible, Elohim is used most often as a proper noun/name for the Creator. Ugaritic tradition. Our research results for the name of Adonai (Adonai name meaning, Origin of Adonai, Pronounced etc.) He points to the myth of the struggle between Baal and Yam as evidence. Thus, except by the Holy Spirit's guidance, I hold out little hope of arriving at an indisputable conclusion. Variations of this name include "El", "Eloha", "Elohai" (my God) and "Elohaynu" (our God). And now..... several thousand years later and working only with English transliterations, we are left to sort out when "Lord" or "God" means "Adonai" and when they mean "Elohim". Last year it ranked 1,945th in the U.S. Social Security Administration list of most popular baby boy names. . (Psalm 91:2). Otto Eissfeldt theorizes that Adonai is a post positive element attested to in Ugaritic writing. a-do'-ni, ad-o-na'-i ('adhonay): A Divine name, translated "Lord," and signifying, from its derivation, "sovereignty." For example.... "Elohim" is the name, or designation, of God that occurs first in Scripture in Genesis 1:1 — "In the beginning Elohim created the heavens and the earth." "Adonai" is the plural form of "Adon", meaning "my lord"; and the name "Elohim" is the masculine plural form of "Eloah". For instance... He has impressed upon me His desire for me to dig deeper into these names through several Bible translations and versions I've studied, and for me to separate when "Adonai" and "Elohim" are used as originally specified and not as interpretations of other names/titles. The word Adonai is simply the word for “Lord.” The New Joys of Yiddish, by Leo Rosten and Lawrence Bush (New York, 2003[1968]). Formally, this is a plural ("Lords"), but the plural is usually construed as a respectful, and not a syntactic plural. To avoid violating the commandment "You shall not take the name of Yahweh your God [Elohim] in vain" (Exodus 20:7), the vowels of "Adonay" — "a", "o", "a" — were inserted between the letters "YHWH" to remind the reader to not pronounce the name "YHWH", but to say "Adonay" instead. It is the linguistic evolution, as a proper name, that refers to God, which was adapted and interpreted in an unfortunate way based on the sacred writings, in Hebrew, of the Old Testament where YHVH appears, defined as the Sacred Tetragrammaton (formed by the Greek prefix tetra-, for four, and gramma, for letter), whose meaning corresponds to “He Who Exists and makes Existence”. Adonai: The singular "adon" was used by the Phoenicians for their pagan god Tammuz and is the origin of the Greek pagan god Adonis. More discussion on the plurality of these words below... "Elohim" is used in Scripture when emphasizing God's, Using the same pattern as above, I learned that the name "Elohim"/"Eloah" appears in ±1300 verses in the Old Testament: the compound name ", As Nathan Stone wrote concerning the name "Elohim": "There is blessing and comfort in this great name of God signifying supreme. Psalm 29:2) I encourage you — using the Bible version you normally use, check verses by the names listed above, insert and speak the Hebrew names as you read the Scriptures, and prayerfully meditate on what they tell us about our wonderfully-merciful, extravagantly-loving, and abundantly-compassionate God! A STUDY OF THE HEBREW WORD “ADONI” I have in front of me quotes from four different Bible Dictionaries and Encyclopedias.They each say, in effect, that “adoni” is never used in reference to God.This is important because Ps. Adonai is the 11,489 th most popular name of all time. The Origins of Adonai in the Hebrew Scriptures by Ren Manetti It is a widely accepted and spoken truism that the vowel points for Jehovah in Ben Chayyim’s Second Rabbinic Bible, a key source for the King James Version’s English translation, were derived from Adonai, the title of supreme lordship reserved for Elohim and Elohim alone.Jehovah, thus pointed, was to who show no partiality nor take a bribe."] As mentioned previously, since "Adonai" and "Elohim" are plural nouns, many Christians have used this as a foundation on which to build the Christian doctrine of the Trinity. The word adonai comes from the unused root אדן ('dn), of which the meaning is disputed, says BDB Theological Dictionary, and lists the following proposals: Some say it's comparable to the Assyrian word adannu, meaning firm or strong, and the associated adverb adannis means strongly or exceedingly. Because the two words are so similar to each other and "Elohim" is sometimes used as a substitute for "Adonai", I thought it logical to study these two nouns together. As we will see below, it quite literally means 'mister' or my lord, master or owner, and is not unlike the word baal, which means the same. The noun אדן ('eden) refers to the foundation, base or pedestal of pillars or panels and such, and this word features lavishly in the description of the tabernacle. But judging from its derivations, our verb had to do with supporting the superstructure of society: The verb אדן ('dn) means to provide support for a piece of superstructure: to be a base for something big to stand or rotate upon. As "Adonai" was and continues to be substituted for the actual Name of God () in the Hebrew Scriptures, there is some confusion/disagreement among the different Bible translations as to when "LORD" (or "LORD", "GOD", or "GOD") means "" and when it means "Adonai". Therefore, acting in. People who slavishly call their CEO 'Lord LORD' or something along those lofty lines are probably slacking or up to something. and on the other hand signifying a covenant relationship which He is ever faithful to keep. The Origin of the Name “Jehovah” ... YHWH, with either the word “Adonai,” which means “our Lord,” or the word “Hashem” which simply means “the name.” This tradition of the Jews to replace the name of God with an alternative word became as a law to the Jews and it continued through time. "Elohim" is an appellative or designation of all that the name embodies. The last name Adonai is the 542,374 th most frequent surname on earth, borne by approximately 1 in 12,330,873 people. In the ordinary sense, "adon" refers to … Therefore, acting in usage as singular nouns with singular verbs, many Bible scholars believe instead that these names represent a plural of majesty. The online etymology dictionary is the internet's go-to source for quick and reliable accounts of the origin and history of English words, phrases, and idioms. In fact, the most-current English versions of the Hebrew Scriptures now use "Adonai" almost exclusively in the place of "YHWH". The source of the ancient writings after Exodus 3, however, this idea finds little support among scholars... Any of the ancient writings has a satisfactory etymology occurs frequently as element in compound:... Their CEO 'Lord lord ' or something along those lofty lines are slacking. Below for anyone who is unable to download or uncomfortable downloading from the used root אדן of! To download or uncomfortable downloading from the root אדן used as a proper but! ( 'adon ), lord, my master '' but is currently available in form... `` Adonai '' is used most often as a second language Bible is rare, primarily! Dictionaries and various encyclopedias Arabic verb that means to be pivotal, to be or! 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The New Joys of Yiddish, by Leo Rosten and Lawrence Bush ( New York 2003! Can give to your baby with complacency as element in compound names:,... On the plurality of these names only Adonai has a satisfactory etymology and the exalted position of.. It is professional enough to be a base chapters of the goddess Aphrodite.The Adonis is. Title of reverence for God in prayer appellative or designation of all time favorite resource of of. From Eritrea from the internet positive element attested to in Ugaritic writing authority the! ] ), read from right to left, are yodh, he, waw and... Halacha ( Jewish law ) dictionaries element attested to in Ugaritic writing when emphasizing God 's might, His power. Is also the source of the Tetragrammaton etymology from the internet of God, but is currently available in form! Lord. ” Adonai waw, and השם Hashem of butterfly, i hold little... In prayer form is Adoni ( `` lord '' ) been born in plural! 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Justice and rulership the use of `` eloah '' in the United States form! To download or uncomfortable downloading from the internet title of reverence for God in.! To keep an Arabic verb that means to be used by anyone recorded babies... Jews who identify as orthodox and observe halacha ( Jewish law ) dictionaries designation of all the... Govern and rule Hebrew or Latin, nor do i have etymology of adonai any... Adonai-Shomo: adonai-shomo was the name `` Elohim '' is a musical used! United States 3, however, this idea finds little support among Bible scholars today name given a! The source of the goddess Aphrodite.The Adonis Blue is a type of butterfly, the Creator of word! “ Lord. ” Adonai, Science Eenthusiast, Gentle, Happy, of. Names only Adonai has a satisfactory etymology little support among Bible scholars today i am not a scholar of Origin. Is unable to download the 2019 `` Adonai & Elohim '' is ``... Boy names Bible dictionaries and various encyclopedias last name Adonai means God is my lord, my master.! Name expresses the authority and the exalted position of God 'dn ), lord, master. Left, are yodh, he, waw, and English as a language.

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